Pregnant Mare Care in Hot Weather: Horse-Breeding Tips

Pregnant Mare Care in Hot Weather: Horse-Breeding Tips

Guard your mare in late summer against heat, bugs and sparse pasture.

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Being pregnant in the summer is no day at the beach for mares. Add a suckling foal at her side and you can understand why she pins her ears as sweat drips down her body and flies nip at her teats. For a mare whose body is already stressed by nurturing a foal – on the ground, in utero or both – coping with heat, bugs and slim pickings in the pasture can put all of them in danger.

Like the dead of winter, the dog days of summer also are a time when mare owners need to pay special attention to nutritional needs, deworming, vaccinations and comfort.

Pregnant Mare Nutrition During Summer

Marilyn Mowry Bowling, owner of Oasis Ranch in Jacksboro, Texas, has cared for hundreds of broodmares over the years at her full-service breeding facility that has been in existence since the 1970s.

“The No. 1 thing is to make sure the mare is properly fed. If she is lactating, you need to make sure she is producing enough milk,” Marilyn says. “Here, our mares are out on pasture, and we don’t really need to supplement them with a lot. We just make sure they have a salt block and plenty of water. If we feed them inside, we mainly feed alfalfa.”

Marilyn says each mare is on a highly individualized diet according to her age and condition. She typically feeds alfalfa because she says it is the best feed for the dollar in her area. “But sometimes the calcium content is so high that we have to supplement the mare’s diet with phosphorus to assure a 2-to-1 phosphorus-to-calcium ratio.”

Mares that cannot sustain foals because they have inadequate milk or dried-up udders do not alarm Marilyn. 

“Actually, a mare that dries up has some sort of other problem and you have to deal with that first,” she says.

Although Marilyn is savvy about nutrition, she has no formal science background. However, she has read every notable book on nutrition that is available.

“If there is a book about nutrition that is logical, I probably own it," Marilyn says, noting that her primary reference book is “Feeding and Care of the Horse” by nutritionist Lon Lewis. "The National Research Council’s Nutrient Requirements of Horses is being constantly revised, so you have to keep on top of things.”

“Any of the major name-brand feeds will supply plenty of nutrition for the mare. It is the last trimester of pregnancy in most horses when you have to worry about providing the developing foal with adequate nutrition. Where some people get in trouble is when they have a mare on just grass hay during this time. She might drop 200 pounds in one month before they realize she needs more than that.”

Deworming Pregnant Mares

“A good deworming program is right up there with good nutrition,” Marilyn says.

She stresses that, even if you feed the best diet possible, your broodmare might still have a difficult time maintaining good body condition if your deworming program fails. Horses can be affected by six major groups of parasites – large strongyles, small strongyles, ascarids, pinworms, bots and tapeworms.

Deworming schedules usually rotate two classes of drugs. However, tapeworms are not eradicated by a typical deworming program and might be the problem if you are unable to keep your mare in good body condition. Tapeworms most commonly cause damage to the area where the small intestine joins the large intestine and can cause colic. If tapeworm damage causes the colon to prolapse, surgery is required. Tapeworm infestation in horses cannot be detected by a fecal test, but administering a double-dose of pyrantel will take care of the problem. Although a double-dose of pyrantel is safe for most pregnant mares, if your horse is within two weeks of foaling, it is best to delay double dosing until after she foals.

Check with your veterinarian before deworming your pregnant mare.

Safechoice Mare & Foal

Nutrena's Safechoice Mare & Foal is a controlled-starch pelleted formula for pregnant or lactating mares, weanlings and yearlings. This specially formulated feed helps get your new addition off to a strong start, and is designed with those key first years in mind. Learn more about Safechoice Mare & Foal.

About Nutrena

AQHA Corporate Partner Nutrena is one of the world's largest equine nutrition companies, feeding more than 1 million horses per day. 

AQHA is pleased to have Nutrena’s continued support of AQHA members and professionals alike. Nutrena is the title sponsor of the 2020 Nutrena Central, West and East AQHA Level 1 Championships, three pinnacle events for Level 1, Rookie and walk-trot competitors around the world. Nutrena contributes to AQHA members through events and initiatives such as the Nutrena Don Burt AQHA Professional Horseman and AQHA Professional Horsewoman of the Year awards; AQHA Select World Championship Show, presented by Adequan® (polysulfated glycosaminoglycan); Lucas Oil AQHA World Championship Show; the AQHA Ranching Heritage Young Horse Development Program; and the AQHA Ranching Heritage Challenges. Nutrena also matches contributions from the Ride the Pattern Clinics, hosted at AQHA championship shows where proceeds go directly to the AQHA Professional Horsemen’s Crisis Fund.